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The Colorado Buffaloes football program represents the University of Colorado Boulder in college football at the NCAA Division I FBS level. The team is currently a member of the Pacific-12 Conference, having previously been a charter member of the Big 12 Conference. Before joining the Big 12, they were members of the Big Eight Conference. The CU football team has played at Folsom Field since 1924. The Buffs all-time record is 675-463-36 (.590 winning percentage) through the finish of the 2012 season. The football program is 23rd on the all-time win list and 30th in all-time winning percentage. The football team also has the distinction of being the all-time NCAA leader in 4th down conversions. They are one of two NCAA Division I teams to complete a 5th down conversion (the other being Cornell). This was a result of a mistake by the officials and happened on a play displayed by chaincrew as the 4th down.
Beginning in 1890, Colorado football has enjoyed much success throughout its 120+ years of competitive play. The Buffaloes have won numerous bowl games (27 appearances in bowl games (12–15), 23rd (tied) all-time prior to 2004 season), eight Colorado Football Association Championships (1894–97, 1901–08), Colorado Faculty Athletic Conference (1909), seveb RFMAC Championships (1911, 1913, 1923, 1924, 1934, 1935, 1937), four Mountain States Conference Championships (1939, 1942–1944), five Big Eight conference championships (1961, 1976, 1989, 1990, 1991), one Big 12 conference championship (2001), four Big 12 North Division Championships (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005), and a National Championship (1990 - Associated Press).
Folsom Field was built in 1924, and since then, Colorado has a 283–146–14 record at home. The road game against the Nebraska Cornhuskers on November 24, 2006 was Colorado's 1,100th football game.
Colorado won its first National Championship in 1990 under the direction of head coach Bill McCartney (1982–94). The national title was split with Georgia Tech who won the United Press International Coaches Poll, whereas Colorado won the Associated Press and Football Writers Association of America polls. The largest arguments against Colorado were that they had a loss and a tie, whereas Georgia Tech had a tie and no losses, and Colorado's "unfair" win in the Fifth Down Game against Missouri. A lesser controversy was a Colorado's Orange Bowl win over Notre Dame, which Colorado won in part because of a controversial clipping call that brought back a Notre Dame touchdown. The major argument for Colorado was that they played a more difficult schedule than Georgia Tech. Colorado capped the season with a 10–9 win over Notre Dame in the Orange Bowl, a rematch of the 1989 season Orange Bowl game which Notre Dame won 21–6. Colorado's tie came against Tennessee, who was ranked number 8, the first week of the season when Colorado was ranked number 5. The second week gave the Buffs a scare, scoring with 12 seconds left in the game on a 4th and Goal attempt. The next week gave Colorado its only loss of the season, losing 23–22 to Illinois and dropping Colorado to number 20 in the polls. Colorado then went on to beat teams ranked (at the time) #22 Texas, #12 Washington, #22 Oklahoma, and #3 Nebraska. They ended the season 7–0 in the Big Eight Conference for the second straight season. They then capped the season with a win over Notre Dame who were number 1 until a loss in their second to last game of the regular season.